The most important Byzantine city in Thrace (q.v.). Its position astride the main military road from Belgrade to Constantinople (qq.v.) meant that it was often besieged by invaders from the north, including Avars, Bulgars, Serbs, and Pechenegs (qq.v.). At the famous Battle of Adrianople (378), Goths killed the emperor Valens (qq.v.) and routed his army. The city's vulnerability to attacks from Bulgaria (Krum [q.v.] occupied the city briefly) turned it into a strategic center for military expeditions against Bulgaria (q.v.). Frederick I Barbarossa (q.v.) seized Adrianople briefly in 1190 during the Third Crusade (q.v.), and after the Fourth Crusade (q.v.) Baldwin of Flanders (q.v.) was defeated there (1205). John III Vatatzes (q.v.) occupied the city from 1242-1246. It was finally lost to Byzantium (q.v) around 1369 when the Ottomans (q.v.) captured it. Soon thereafter it became their capital, and it remained such until the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Adrianople — • According to legend, Orestes, son of Agamemnon, built this city at the confluence of the Tonsus (Toundja) and the Ardiscus (Arda) with the Hebrus (Maritza) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Adrianople     Adrianople …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Adrianople — n. 1. a city in Northwest Turkey; a Thracian town that was rebuilt and renamed by the Roman emperor Hadrian. Syn: Edirne, Adrianopolis [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Adrianople — [ā΄drē ə nō′pəl] former name for EDIRNE …   English World dictionary

  • Adrianople — Edirne Edirne Andrinople Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adrianople Vilayet — ولايت ادرنه‎ Vilâyet i Edirne Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Adrianople, Battle of — or Battle of Hadrianopolis (AD 378) Battle fought in what is now Edirne, Tur. , that marked the beginning of serious Germanic incursions into Roman territory. It pitted the Roman army under the emperor Valens against the horsemen of the Visigoths …   Universalium

  • Adrianople, Treaty of — (1829)    The peace treaty ending the Russo Turkish War of 1828–1829. The war’s proximate cause was the sinking of the Turkish Egyptian fleet at Navarino in October 1827. The fleet was moored there in support of operations that aimed at… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • adrianople red — |ādrēə|nōpəl also |a noun Usage: often capitalized A Etymology: from Adrianople (now Edirne), Turkey : turkey red * * * a medium red color. Also called Levant red, Turke …   Useful english dictionary

  • Adrianople — geographical name see Edirne …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Adrianople — /ay dree euh noh peuhl/, n. Edirne. * * * …   Universalium

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